Masonic History

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Since Time Immemorial…

Over the centuries, Freemasonry has developed into a worldwide fraternity emphasizing personal study, self-improvement, and social betterment via individual involvement and philanthropy. The earliest known ritual places the first masonic lodge in the porchway of King Solomon’s Temple.


The earliest masonic texts each contain some sort of a history of the craft, or mystery, of masonry. The oldest known work of this type, The Halliwell Manuscript, or Regius Poem, dating from between 1390 and 1425, has a brief history in its introduction, stating that the “craft of masonry” began with Euclid in Egypt, and came to England in the reign of King Athelstan. Shortly afterwards, the Cooke Manuscript traces masonry to Jabal son of Lamech (Genesis 4: 20-22), and tells how this knowledge came to Euclid, from him to the Children of Israel (while they were in Egypt), and so on through an elaborate path to Athelstan.


This myth formed the basis for subsequent manuscript constitutions, all tracing masonry back to biblical times, and fixing its institutional establishment in England during the reign of Athelstan (927-939).


With this timeline we hope to give a brief overview of historical events that have shaped Freemasonry along the way and allowed us to continue to this very day in fellowship and brotherly love.

Masonic History

The Building of King Solomon's Temple Begins

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In the beginning of his reign, King Solomon set about giving effect to the ideas of his father, and prepared additional materials for the building. From subterranean quarries at Jerusalem he obtained huge blocks of stone for the foundations and walls of the temple. According to this account, Solomon also entered into a compact with Hiram I, king of Tyre, for the supply of whatever else was needed for the work, particularly timber from the forests of Lebanon, which was brought in great rafts by the sea to Joppa, whence it was dragged to Jerusalem.

According to tradition, in all these preparatory undertakings a space of about three years was occupied; and now the process of the erection of the great building began, under the direction of skilled Phoenician masons, builders and workmen, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign.

According to biblical tradition, many thousands of laborers and skilled artisans were employed in the work. Stones prepared in the quarries underneath the city of huge dimension were gradually placed on the massive walls, and closely fitted together without any mortar between, till the whole structure was completed.

967 BC

The Dedication of King Solomon's Temple

960 BC

Creation of the Roman Collegia (Organized Workers)

715 BC

Destruction of King Solomon's Temple

587 BC

Anno Domini

At the time of Christ, there exists in Palestine three religious sects – the Essenes, the Pharisees, and the Sadducees. The Essenes are the strictest with a high moral code, a secret ceremony, and a great similarity in character to the Craft today. It is sometimes argued that Christ was a member of the Essenes in his formative years up to manhood when he commenced his general preaching. He never spoke against the Essenes, but did against the Pharisees and Sadducees . Upon the fall of the Roman Empire, many Collegia migrate to the island of Como and preserve the Stonemasons’ art. They later emerge as the Comocine Builders to construct the many Cathedrals during the Middle ages from 500AD until 1390 AD. This subject is still very much debated.

0 AD

The York Legend


The Founding of the Knights Templar

1120 AD

Knights Templar Recognized by the Catholic Church and Granted New Powers

1129-1139 AD

Emergence of German Steinmetzen Guilds (Stonecutters)

1149-1250 AD

Templars All Across France Are Arrested

October - Friday the 13th , 1307

Jacques de Molay and Geoffroi de Charney Burned Alive at the Stake

1314 AD

The Mystery of the Shroud of Turin

1353-1390 AD

The Regius Poem or Halliwell Manuscript

1390 AD

The Cooke Manuscript is Written

1450 AD

The Worshipful Company Of Masons erects its first Meeting Hall

1463 AD

First Mention of Master Mason

1471 AD

Grand Lodge No 1 Manuscript is Written

1583 AD

1st Masonic Lodge in America - St. Johns Lodge - Boston Massachusetts

1733 AD

Eminenti Written By Pope Clement XII Denouncing Masonry

1738 AD